Sun burn is the painful, unsightly result of overexposure to UV radiation, commonly affecting the first layer of the skin as if a first degree burn. Extreme cases can lead to secondary burns and result in painful blisters.
The sunburn – red and very painful to the touch – can occur within just 5 minutes of being in the sun, and can take up to 5 hours before you can see the damaging results. The skin then experiences inflammation and redness for up to 30 hours after the sun burn. This is then followed by the dead sunburned skin peeling off, and healing may take up to 2 weeks.
Symptoms of sun burn include the following –
- Your skin will be red, painful to the touch and warm
- Severe sun burn or second degree burns will result in blisters
- A fever, nausea and chills in severe cases
- Your skin will begin to peel in the sun burnt areas a few days from when you were burnt
Avoid getting sun burn by applying a broad spectrum sun screen that protects you from both UVA and UVB sun rays, and a sunscreen with at least an SPF 30 rating.
In addition to using sunscreen timeously, remember to –
- Wear a hat
- Wear your sunglasses
- Stay in the shade when in the outdoors
Download the Skin Smart app! The app is specifically designed to assist you in remembering when to apply your sunscreen according to your skin type and activities.